Understanding The Preapproval Process

Dated: December 19 2014

Views: 339

Business Card

Renee Plumlee, REALTOR®
www.renee.ivyleaguerealtytexas.com 

Before loan shopping, you should first understand the difference between "pre-approval" and "pre-qualification". Neither will guarantee you a loan, but these tips will help you get closer to buying a house. 

Loan shopping is as intricate a process as house shopping, and the terminology is often confusing. The terms "pre-qualification" and "pre-approval" sound like the same thing, but they're not. And in fact, neither pre-qualification nor pre-approval means a bank actually has to give you the loan. 

Clear as mud, right? Don't worry -- the loan approval process is fairly straightforward, as long as you understand a few key points: 

Pre-qualification is the first step you can take -- but it's not mandatory. If you want a ballpark idea of how much a bank will loan you so that you can shop within your price range, pre-qualification is a quick and easy way to find out. Most banks and credit unions will do this over the phone, and your credit history will usually not be checked. A loan officer asks you about your income, assets, debts and projected down payment and then calculates what kind of loan you'd likely qualify for. The process takes just a few minutes. 

Pre-approval is more involved and usually requires an appointment. In this step, the lending institution gathers all the information it requires to offer you a loan, and your credit report will be checked; you may be charged a fee for this at the time of the appointment. You'll need to bring some items with you to document your identity and your assets: 

•A copy of your most recent bank statements (this includes your daily checking account as well as any money market, savings or other accounts)•Your most recent W-2 (or entire tax return if you're self-employed)
•Proof of IRAs or retirement accounts and their current balances
•Ditto for any stocks or mutual funds you own outside of retirement accounts
•Your driver's license•The most recent month's paystub(s) from your job
•An application fee (this depends on the lender) 

The result of the pre-approval process is the good faith estimate. At the end of the pre-approval process, if the bank looks you over and likes what it sees, you'll receive what's called a good faith estimate (GFE), which is a brief document spelling out the likely terms of the loan, including the interest rate, loan type (fixed-rate, adjustable and so on) and closing costs. 

The pre-approval step may be a bit time-consuming, but you'll need to complete it with a few lenders in order to comparison-shop. Without a GFE, you can't truly compare terms among lenders. And it pays to compare -- for a loan as large as a mortgage, little things like the interest rate make a big difference. To negotiate for a great interest rate, reduced closing costs, or lender-paid private mortgage insurance, you have to make lenders compete with each other. (Lining up GFEs is also a good way to spot lenders who charge unnecessary fees.) So don't just accept the first offer you get -- make sure it's a good one by soliciting several in a short time period. Don't worry about nicking your credit score with several loan applications, because credit scoring recognizes multiple checks in quick succession as part of the loan-shopping process and does not penalize you. 

Pre-approval does not mean the bank guarantees you the loan. It just means that you're approved to get loan -- unless something goes wrong. Commitment to the loan generally comes after the bank has had the house in question appraised to make sure the price you're paying isn't higher than the home's market value. This protects them in case you default on the loan, which would leave them in the red even if they evicted you and sold the property. Banks also check to make sure the home has a clear title and that you've insured it for replacement value. 

Understanding the Pre-Approval Process By Karin Beuerlein, FrontDoor.com  

Blog author image

Terry Ivie

Texas Real Estate Consumer Protection Notice

Want to Advertise on this Site?

Latest Blog Posts

How To Know If Its Time To Buy A Home

Owning your own home has long been part of the American dream. It's a goal most of us rightfully aspire to, and one that can often help build wealth. Indeed, 64% of Americans own a home today. If'

Read More

Health Benefits Of Strawberries

Did you know that strawberries have been around since ancient Roman times; and were used for medicinal purposes such as: alleviating inflammation, fever, kidney stones, bad breath, gout and more!

Read More

Distorted SelfImage

Have you ever been to an amusement park that had those crazy mirrors that make you look funny? There are mirrors that make us look really tall and thin. Others that make us look short and wide.

Read More

The Telltale Signs Its Time To Refinance

Have you been giving some thought to how you might be able to save money if you refinanced your mortgage? How do you decide if it’s really worth it? Here are four signs that show you might

Read More